Network Core Mechanisms of Exponence

Lakämper, Renate and Wunderlich, Dieter (1998)


(= Surrey 61) The history of object marking on verbs in Quechua is examined through the typology of contemporary dialects. In the most archaic, plural in the subject or object is always marked adjacent to the stem (before person suffixes), and the person of the object is marked separately only if it is higher-ranked than the person of the subject, according to the hierarchy 1 > 2 > 3. In more innovative dialects, plural is marked after person and, subsequently, is fused with person, beginning in the 2nd person. Once a specific morpheme for 1pl (-yku) has emerged, all distinction of subject person disappears in the presence of 1pl object, thus, a remarkable syncretism has evolved: compare rikhu-su-yku ‘we see you (sg)’ with rikhu-wa-yku ‘you(sg/pl)/he/she/they see us’.

authorLakämper, Renate and Wunderlich, Dieter
titlePerson marking in Quechua - A constraint-based minimalist analysis


    author = {Lakämper, Renate and Wunderlich, Dieter},
    year = {1998},
    title = {Person marking in Quechua - A constraint-based minimalist analysis},
    journal = {Lingua},
    volume = {105},
    pages = {113-148},
    language = {Quechua_(Ayacucho)},
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