Network Core Mechanisms of Exponence

Kiparsky, Paul (2001)


(= Surrey 55) The bulk of the article is devoted to the relationship between syntax and abstract case in Finnish. The last part is devoted to an OT account of the discrepancies between abstract case and morphological case, which varies between pronouns and nouns: where pronouns have a distinct accusative case form, nouns use the nominative or genitive in the singular (under different syntactic conditions) and the nominative in the plural. This is attributed to faithfulness constraints which selectively target pronouns or nouns. [Max-HR] (favoring the morphological expression of object) targets nouns, while [Max-LR] (favoring the expression of transitive subject and ‘higher’ object) targets pronouns. This is compared to split ergativity and similar noun/pronoun splits, which are said to result from various rankings of the two constraints (note though that [Max-LR] is not actually used in the constraint hierarchy for Finnish, being substituted by the markedness constraint *[-HR], which effectively bans the use of the accusative and partitive cases).

authorKiparsky, Paul
titleStructural case in Finnish


    author = {Kiparsky, Paul},
    year = {2001},
    title = {Structural case in Finnish},
    journal = {Lingua},
    volume = {111},
    pages = {315-76},
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