Network Core Mechanisms of Exponence

Carstairs, Andrew (1998)


(= Surrey 22) An attempt to transfer four generalizations from the realm of lexical semantics to the realm of inflectional affixes, namely: (a) Principle of Contrast: every two affixes contrast in meaning; (b) Exclusive disjunction bar: the meaning of an affix cannot contain a disjunction of mutually exclusive morphosyntactic properties; (c) Complementarity bar: the meaning of an affix cannot contain ‘not’; (d) Unmarked property bar: the meaning of an affix cannot contain reference to the least marked value of a feature. - These constraints affect syncretic patterns by limiting what information can be encoded in an inflectional rule, and hence how underspecification works. The device of referrals (takeovers) is admitted as well, though it is presumably not affected by these constraints. Examples from Hungarian, Latin and Turkish.

authorCarstairs, Andrew
titleHow lexical semantics constrains inflectional allomorphy
journalYearbook of Morphology


    author = {Carstairs, Andrew},
    year = {1998},
    title = {How lexical semantics constrains inflectional allomorphy},
    journal = {Yearbook of Morphology},
    volume = {1997},
    pages = {1-24},
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