Network Core Mechanisms of Exponence

Benua, Laura (1997)


An early, full-length treatment of output-output correspondence. Unlike Kenstowicz (1996), Benua argues that, synchronically, all relationships of output-output correspondence are asymmetrical (‘Base Priority’): phonology applies transparently in the ‘base’; misapplication takes place in the ‘derived form’ in order to achieve output-output identity with the base. In Benua’s system, Base Priority is enforced by cloning the constraint hierarchy, indexing one clone to the base and the other to the derived form, and stipulating that the clone indexed to the base outranks the clone indexed to the derived form. Benua replaces stratification with separate, independently rankable OO-identity constraints for different affix classes: OO-IDENT(I), OO-IDENT(II), OO-IDENT(III), etc. Like Kenstowicz (1996), Benua claims that basehood is typically determined by relationships of containment, but allows for bases to be arbitrarily designated in the statement of OO-identity constraints.

authorBenua, Laura
titleTransderivational identity: phonological relations between words
addressAmherst, MA
schoolUniversity of Massachusetts


    author = {Benua, Laura},
    year = {1997},
    title = {Transderivational identity: phonological relations between words},
    address = {Amherst, MA},
    school = {University of Massachusetts},
    url = {},
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